Question & Answers

PO-RALG TRAINING ON ACCESSING THE GREEN CLIMATE FUND IN TANZANIA

  • How can Tanzania institutionalise (domesticate) decisions made at COPs?

    Tanzania has a board representative on LDG group. National UNFCCC secretariat in Tanzania has to feed in decisions made at COP into the government.

  • How is the 3% of Global funds reaching LDCs then distributed between countries?

    LDCs increasing power in negotiations (voicing concern) led to establishment of the GCF. 50% of GCF for adaptation funds earmarked for LDCs. However, Tanzania needs to improve its negotiation skills and presence at COPs.

  • Why does the majority of funds go to mitigation?

    Developed countries are the main contributors to greenhouse gases and thus, they allocate majority funds to mitigation. It is also easier for donors to see climate change impacts from mitigation than adaptation.

  • What is the difference between adaptation and mitigation in CC context?

    Mitigation: Greenhouse gas emissions rise overtime at very fast rate that lead to climate change. Therefore, mitigation means to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions.

    Adaptation: Coping with impacts of climate change when the frequency and scale of extreme events increase.

  • Why is the private sector the major source of finance?

    Private donors do not contribute to global finance. They just fund in-country projects.

  • Why Tanzania Investment Bank?

    This is the only bank proposed to be an NIE in Tanzania.

  • Does NIE has to go through NDA to Communicate with GCF?

    NIE has to go through NDA during the accreditation process and especially with the issue of no objection.

  • Are there criteria for social and environmental safeguards?

    For the moment GCF accepts the criteria of the International Finance Corporation (IFC). In case of GCF, there is a “fit-for-purpose” approach that establishes standards for level of funding requested.

  • Do board members represent their own ideas or those of their country?

    They should represent views of all LDCs. But GCF board members are not very systematic.

  • Do you have to choose between adaptation and mitigation when you apply for accreditation?

    No. But once accredited you can choose. However, the NDA will review project applications to ensure coherence with GCF criteria and national priorities. These are found in NDC document.

  • You talked of the three types of funds. When is this readiness support fund accessed?

    The readiness support funds are to help NDAs and NIEs establish themselves or systems. Thus, much of the readiness support fund is given before the development of project proposals.

  • Tanzania has received $200 million in climate finance, where did the money go?

    This is not GCF funding but funds comes from other source of funds for small scale energy, small scale agriculture, REDD+, capacity building, developing strategic documents and mainstreaming CC into strategies and policies. However, most CC finance that has come to Tanzania has remained at national level.

  • During the approval process, once the project proposal reaches the GCF, how long does it take to be approved?

    The accreditation process takes the minimum of six months, but, usually one year depending on preparedness. The project approval process takes time depending on quick project proposals developed. GCF board meets every three months, so, it can move quite quickly.

  • PO-RALG is responsible for implementation nationwide, so, why should it apply for small/micro grants?

    The choice is PO-RALG to make and it depends on track record, evidence and experience of managing large scale projects. PO-RALG as a large ministry, might be able to demonstrate large or medium scale projects.

  • What type of evidence is needed?

    Different kind of evidence is needed depending on the criteria. For example demonstrating that M&E system is in place, result based, database in place. Other examples can be transparency system and procurement documents are in place and evidence of their implementation.

  • If you are accredited for micro or small grants and are successful, can you then be accredited for medium or large grants?

    Yes. GCF allows entities to graduate.

  • What is the difference between normal and fast-track accreditation process?

    Normal accreditation process requires basic and specialised fiduciary standards. Fast-track accreditation process may not require basic or specialised fiduciary standards as they have these competencies, but still, need to do social and environmental safeguards.

  • What are the challenges faced by LDCs?

    • Lack of knowledge on how to access the GCF.
    • Hasty submission.
    • Some agencies do not have certain systems of minimum fiduciary standards.
    • Demonstrating track records.
    • Competing NIEs.

  • Can global events such as the Brexit and USA elections destabilise the GCF process?

    Global events can have an influence but there is no evidence of UK stopping its financial support although the exchange rate fluctuations can have an impact.

  • Are the application forms for readiness online?

    YES.

  • Do we need to access readiness funds only through NDA (VPO) or can money be accessed from other sources?

    YES. Readiness fund can be accessed through other multilateral agencies.

  • If we get support from multilaterals on capacity development then NDA (VPO in Tanzania) may not nominate us for readiness support.

    True, but the important thing is to be more strategic in negotiations with VPO.

  • What happens if you realize you have gaps during the process of accreditation?

    You do not go ahead with the accreditation process but you can apply for readiness funding to build capacities on the identified gaps.

  • Is there funding for preparations of communities?

    Yes, under the PPF (Project Preparation Facility).

  • Can concept development process go ahead without NDA?

    Multi-stakeholder engagement is good but does not happen frequently. Therefore, it is good to share plans with NDA to get nomination.

  • Does GCF fund 100%?

    Co-financing with other actors happens also.

  • Who determines paradigm shift potential? How is it categorized, local or GCF?

    PS is not well defined. We should have a wider impact and not project specific.

  • Can we get a sample proposal?

    Yes, they are available online.

  • How many times can you re-submit?

    The concept note is advisory only. The proposal is rejected only once and there is no re-submission.

  • What are the reasons for rejection?

    When the proposal is not in line with CC and when there is community disagreement.

    The concept note is voluntary and is recommended for first submission or when unsure if it is suitable for submission. It aims at seeking suggestions and advise.